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Army: The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) | Against All Odds Wiki | Fandom
Part of the Scottish Division for administrative purposes from , it was the senior Highland regiment. It has been part of the Scottish, Welsh and Irish Division for administrative purposes from The source of the regiment's name is uncertain. These were to be "employed in disarming the Highlanders, preventing depredations, bringing criminals to justice, and hindering rebels and attainted persons from inhabiting that part of the kingdom. This epithet may have come from the uniform plaids of dark tartan with which the companies were provided. Other theories have been put forward; for instance, that the name referred to the "black hearts" of the pro-government militia who had sided with the "enemies of true Highland spirit",  or that it came from their original duty in policing the Highlands, namely preventing "blackmail" Highlanders demanding extortion payments to spare cattle herds.
The origin of the regiment dates from when Highlanders loyal to the British crown were formed into six independent companies to help restore order after the abortive uprising of the clans under John Erskine, the 6th earl of Mar. In enforcing the Disarming Act in Scotland they were required to keep a constant watch on rival clans to prevent plunder and reprisals. In four additional companies were authorized, and in the force was made a line regiment of the British Army. The newly organized regiment was known as the 43rd Foot until , when it became the 42nd. The distinctive red plume, worn in contrast to the white plume of other Highland regiments, was authorized for the Black Watch by King George III in recognition of a daring exploit during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Hello Paul, thank you so much for your wonderful blog. I am trying to find out as much as I can about his time in the Army and have visited his grave in Fampoux, outside Arras. I wonder if you could tell me when he enlisted with the 2nd Scottish Horse in Aberdeen and when he was transferred to the Black Watch. Theatre of War first served in 2B Balkans Date of entry therein On the National Archives page concerning this, it says that up to 31 Dec , 2 meant Balkans and that 2B Gallipoli wasn't used until after 1 Jan